考研英语何凯文每日一句第178句

房产        2019-09-14   来源:嘉嘉漫画


今天的句子:

If ambition is to be well regarded, the rewards of ambition -- wealth, distinction, control over one’s destiny -- must be deemed worthy of the sacrifices made on ambition’s behalf. If the tradition of ambition is to have vitality, it must be widely shared; and it especially must be highly regarded by people who are themselves admired, the educated not least among them.

思考题:

It is generally believed that ambition may be well regarded if ________.

[A] its returns well compensate for the sacrifices

[B] it is rewarded with money, fame and power

[C] its goals are spiritual rather than material

[D] it is shared by the rich and the famous

词汇突破:

1. well regarded 充分认同

2. distinction 声望 

3.control over one’s destiny 对命运的控制

4. be deemed 被认为

5. vitality 活力

第一句:

If ambition is to be well regarded, the rewards of ambition -- wealth, distinction, control over one’s destiny -- must be deemed worthy of the sacrifices made on ambition’s behalf. 

切分:

1. If ambition is to be well regarded,

2. the rewards of ambition must be deemed worthy of the sacrifices made on ambition’s behalf. 

3. -- wealth, distinction, control over one’s destiny --

参考译文: 如果雄心壮志要得到很好的尊重,那么雄心壮志的回报就必须被认为是值得为雄心所作的牺牲。无论这些回报是财富、声望还是对命运的控制。

选项A:Ambition may be well regarded if its returns well compensate for the sacrifices

选项B:Ambition may be well regarded if it is rewarded with money, fame and power

这两个选项差的很远;

原文说:你无论给什么回报,种类不重要,关键要配得上。

B选项的错误就在于,强调种类去了。没有说配不配的上问题。

所以A选项正确 。


有同学说定位反了,其实没有,很多时候If的位置是可以互换的,而且这里已经没有更好的选项了,就只能接受了,这是最关键的!一定记住选最佳!

逻辑举例:

原文:如果我还在你身边,那是我爱你。

选项:如果我爱你,我还会在你的身边。

第二句:

If the tradition of ambition is to have vitality, it must be widely shared; and it especially must be highly regarded by people who are themselves admired, the educated not least among them.

切分:

1. If the tradition of ambition is to have vitality,

2. it must be widely shared;

3. and it especially must be highly regarded by people

4. who are themselves admired,

5. the educated not least among them.

= the educated is not least among them.

参考译文:如果雄心的传统要有生命力,它就必须得到广泛的认同,尤其要受到那些自己也受人钦佩的人的高度重视,受过良好教育的人在他们当中不是少数。

[C] its goals are spiritual rather than material

[D] it is shared by the rich and the famous

D选项中的the rich and the famous和文中的“受人钦佩的人”和“受过良好教育的人”不能做同义替换,一定要说有关联的话,只能说是可能对而已。有钱的人,和名人可能是“受人钦佩的人”,所以还是选择A最好!

并且这个句子也有if 位置不完全匹配的问题。所以依然是A最佳!

C选项在文中就没有任何依据,属于NG!